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How does Lasix work and what pharmaceutical group does it belong to?

Lasix is a diuretic agent. Lasix causes a short term diuresis. Lasix action mechanism is associated with the reabsorbtion block of chloride and sodium ions in the Henle's loop.Lasix works by increasing excretion of K+, Ca2+, Mg2+ out of the organism. Hypotensive effect of the medication is associated with increased elimination of sodium and water.

Which conditions are treated with Lasix?

Lasix is used for the treatment of the following conditions:

  • Edema syndrome in chronic cardiac failure(II - III stage)
  • Cirrhosis
  • Kidney diseases
  • Cerebral edema
  • Hypertensive crisis
  • Hypertension
  • High calcium blood level

What should a patient know before using Lasix?

The Lasix should not be used in cases of:

  • Hypersensitivity
  • Severe renal failure
  • Acute liver failure
  • Ankylurethria
  • Acute glomerulonephritis
  • Hyperglycemic coma
  • Hyperuricemia
  • Arthragra
  • Decompensated mitral or aortal stenosis
  • Hypotension
  • Acute myocardial infarction
  • Pancreatitis
  • Digitalis intoxication

The drug should be used with caution in the following conditions:

  • Prostatic Hyperplasia
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus
  • Diabetes
  • Pregnancy
  • Breastfeeding

Which adverse effects may manifest when using the medication?

The side effects of Lasix include:

  • Cardiovascular system: hypotension, postural hypotension, collapse, tachycardia, arrhythmia, volume of blood circulation decrease.
  • Central nervous system: dizziness, headache, myasthenia, cramp in leg, paresthesia, apathy, adynamia, weakness, drowsiness,
  • Sense organs: vision and hearing disorders.
  • Gastrointestinal tract: appetite reduce, xerostomia, nausea, vomiting, constipations and diarrhea, pancreatitis.
  • Urinary system: oliguria, acute retention of urine, interstitial nephritis, erythrocyturia, decrease of sexual potency.
  • Allergic reactions: purpura, urticaria fever, exfoliative dermatitis, vasculitis, skin rash, shakes, fever.
  • Hematopoietic system: leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, agranulocytosis, anemotrophy.
  • Water-electrolyte balance: hypovolemia, anhydration, hypokalemia, hyponatremia, hypomagnesemia, metabolic alkalosis.

It is not necessary that the side effects will manifest in an individual but the possibility still exist. For more information please consult your health care provider.

Which groups of drugs or specific preparations may interact with Lasix?

The drug is affected by the following:

  • Immunodepresants
  • Aminoglycosides
  • Antimicrobial agents
  • Diuretics
  • Antineoplastics
  • Antimycotics
  • Antiulcer agents
  • Bronchodilating agents
  • Hypotensive preparations
  • Glucocorticosteroids
  • Cardiac glycosides
  • NSAID

Tell your doctor about all the herbal preparations as well as prescription drugs that you are currently taking even if they are not on the list.

Important information for the patient:

Lasix is supplied for individual use. Do not use it to treat other conditions not listed in the leaflet. Keep the product out of children reach. Do not reuse any disposable materials if supplied with the preparation.